Profile photo of

Accomplished leader in strategy and operational management. Increasing revenue and business model value through incremental innovation. Commitment to positive customer experience, and coordination with senior leadership, legal, marketing, and IT personnel. Core Competencies: • Strong motivational and collaborative management style • Challenging orthodoxies and extending industry boundaries • Lateral thinking drawn from disparate experience from multiple industries • Skilled communicator, adaptable and persuasive • Innovation Consulting & Management • Intellectual Property (strategy, research, claims) • Brainstorming, ideating and managing expectations of such Per Employment or Consulting Inquiries: I'm happiest working with transparency to well-organized and motivated senior leadership teams. Great products and services aside, if they inspire employee pride, embrace ongoing continual innovation or Kaizen, and are rockstars on customer service, my smile gets even wider.

Aug 252015



Osteoarthritis is the most common type of joint disease.   It affects more than thirty million individuals in the U.S. alone.  Experts estimate that osteoarthritis as a diseases in our healthcare system, costs us more than $186 billion a year in medical care, drugs, and lost wages.  That’s nearly $2 trillion a decade in just the U.S.!

Instead of something that causes aches and pains, think of osteoarthritis as a disease process.  However, unlike other diseases that affect organs and body chemistry, osteoarthritis is centered on the aging of a joint.  This aging happens through the degeneration or wearing away of the hyaline cartilage, the padding between where the ends of bones meet together.

Hyaline cartilage is located inside what are known as synovial joints; these types of joints are located in the hip, knee, shoulder, elbow, thumb, wrist, and spine. This article and its inventive solution focus on the knee joint, though this would be applicable to any type of weight-being joint, such as the spine, ankle or hip joints.

jointThis image is a frontal view of a normal, healthy knee.  The kneecap has been removed for purposes of illustration.  Here, you will see a large upper leg bone (femur) and a lower leg bone (tibia).  Click the image to enlarge.

On closer inspection of the space in between these bone ends, you will also see articular cartilage, that is, a thin grey-colored cartilage pad that is seemingly glued to the bottom surface of the top bone.   There is another instance of articular cartilage, where another pad is glued to the top of the bottom bone as well.

In between the respective upper and lower cartilage pads, there exists a small space filled with fluid that has the look and consistency of egg whites.  This is known as synovial joint cavity.  This enclosed system of cartilage pads and synovial fluid is what allows our joints to glide so easily.

While the design is certainly intelligent, once there is any type of known or even unknown damage, everything starts to go downhill.  In fact, there are two major reasons why weight-bearing joints like the knee, spine and hips will develop osteoarthritis – namely, old age and injury.

As an individual becomes older, they simple lose synovial fluid.  Why do they lose it?  No one knows for sure.  But when it does happen, the cartilage pads begin to start rubbing against each another.  Because there is little to no synovial fluid lubrication, the cartilage pads start to fray – much like a square of packing foam flecking off into little pieces when you rub it quickly.

xray-osteoarthritic-kneeAs the rubbing cartilage wears down over time, these torn pieces, as well as pads touching, cause inflammation to start in the joint.  Think of it like a perpetually sprained ankle or a jammed finger, except that it’s silent and painless for years.  This inflammation eventually leads to the formation of bone spurs, tiny, pointed growths of bone coming off the joint bones.  The bone spurs can eventually start cutting into tendons and nearby soft tissue, causing more inflammation and substantial pain.  Note the normal vs. osteoarthritic knee x-ray to the left.

The second way one develops osteoarthritis is when they have had a prior injury, especially if it occurred many years ago.   So when a joint becomes injured, the damage to cartilage, tendons, bones, and other joint tissues never heals to the way it was originally made.  Although the pain from the injury may leave in a matter of days or weeks, this imperfect healing sets up long-term, mild misalignment and joint function, which in turn leads to slow development of osteoarthritis.

For example, let’s take an eleven-year-old gymnast.  She does her dismount off of the balance beam, lands slightly awkward, and twists her left knee.  When she goes to the emergency room, it is discovered that she has developed a moderate level tear in her medial meniscus.  This is a piece of fibrous cartilage that helps reduce friction between the two lower leg bones meeting at the knee.

The young girl gets the appropriate orthopedic surgery, has top-notch therapy, and is back turning handsprings and competing without pain in the next five months.  She feels no pain and her left knee is fully functional.  All seems well to her, the parents and the coaches.

Now fast forward through this young girl to adulthood at the age of thirty-four.  When going down some stairs quickly, she feels a sharp twinge in her left knee.  Surprise!  It’s the same left knee she once damaged, now returning as a slowly-developed chronic knee problem.  This is common pattern with many weight-bearing joints, including the hip, spine, and ankle.

In fact, other than the pain itself, the hard part about degenerative arthritis is that, in my cases, the loss of synovial fluid and damage to the cartilage has no pain or symptoms.  The person typically feels fine and has no idea that this process is going on.



Because the synovial fluid acts as a liquefied buffer keeping the cartilage separated, allowing for proper joint movement, this invention seeks to replicate that purpose in an entirely different manner.  This invention will allow the damaged synovial joint, not to wither down to bone-on-bone, but rather to be afforded the benefit of halting the disease and its limitations altogether.

My idea is to invent a surgically implantable set of magnets or magnetic strips within or proximal to the cartilage tissue.  Since magnets can both attract and repel, depending on the way their like or unlike ‘poles’ face each other, the invention would have at least two magnets where similar poles faced each other.  An example of the invention would be the former discussion of the knee joint, where for example, one magnet would be implanted in the top cartilage layer with its positive pole face down, and another magnet would be implanted in the bottom cartilage layer with its positive pole facing up.

The opposing negative magnetic fields would repel one another so that the knee joint (or whatever joint is applicable to the implant) would be afforded a natural magnetic buffer.  Ever try to push two magnets together that have the same polarity?  So hopefully you get the picture here.  Such magnets and strength of magnetic fields would be gauged based upon weight of individual, joint type, location and current condition of the target body joint.

The magnets would have to be made or buffered by covering material that the body would not reject.  Additionally, the magnets may have to be anchored down to the bone outside, below, or above the cartilage, depending on the joint and location.  Though the idea is in its infancy, it sure beats years of pain pills and joint replacement surgery.

Aug 242015


By now, many people know that Christopher Columbus was probably not the first man to discover America.  If you’ve delved further into historical inaccuracies, you’d know that George Washington’s Cherry Tree story, Charles Darwin being the ‘first-conceiver’ of the Theory of Evolution, and Thomas Edison being the inventor of the light bulb are also proven fallacies.

But everyone certainly knows the fact that George Washington to be the first President of the United States.  He transitioned from being perhaps our country’s greatest wartime leader to serving two Presidential terms from 1789 to 1797.  In fact, Washington was elected by unanimous choice, having been the only President to receive 100 percent of the Electoral College votes in both of his elections! 

But Washington wasn’t the first President.  In my book, that honor goes to a man by the name of Samuel Huntington.  Huntington didn’t have the luxury of having a good public relations man, until perhaps now.  I start my case by going back in time into some well-known American history. 

On September 5, 1774, the first Continental Congress met in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.  It consisted of fifty-six delegates from twelve of the thirteen Colonies, including notable statesmen such as George Washington, Samuel Adams, Patrick Henry, John Adams, and Benjamin Harrison. The Continental Congress served as the governing body of the Colonies during the American Revolution.  After the British soldier’s blockade of Port of Boston, a response to the Boston Tea Party protest, it was formed by Benjamin Franklin in 1773.  

Upon the Revolutionary War breaking out in April of 1775, the Continental Congress established the Continental Army and appointed George Washington from Virginia as its Commander.  Later that year came the creation of the Continental Navy and Continental Marines.  The earliest and most humble beginnings of today’s structured military.

In 1776, when the war was in full swing, the Continental Congress signed the Declaration of Independence.  Shortly thereafter, they began drafting the Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union, most commonly known as the Articles of Confederation.  Once complete, the approved version was sent to the thirteen states for their acceptance or ratification in November of 1777.    

The purpose of the Articles of Confederation was to create a single union of the states in order to secure joint freedom, sovereignty, and independence from England.  Some of its key points were that it:

  • Established the name of the new country (Confederation) as the United States of America.
  • Asserted the sovereignty of each state.
  • Created a common friendship and a mutual reliance between the states, in case assistance for defense was needed.
  • Set the parameters that the confederation government was the only entity that could affect foreign political and commercial relations or declare war.
  • Stated that expenditures made by the confederation government would have to be funded by the states.
  • Stipulated that the Articles could only become ratified if all thirteen states agreed upon its terms.

Many Americans do not know that we began having Presidents of the Continental Congress starting in 1774.  In fact, there were many separate Presidents, all of whom served for 14 years, up until 1788.  George Washington was elected thereafter and began serving under the newly formed U.S. Constitution in 1789.  

According to Bill Stanley, a Norwich, CT native who was a stock analyst, political state senator and headed up the Norwich Historical Society:

”I’m not knocking George, but the fact that no one is paying attention doesn’t make wrong right. You don’t think Columbus discovered America, do you? But he gets credit for it. Well, George Washington was the father of our country. He was maybe the greatest American who ever lived. And he was the 11th president.”  

To say that the Presidents in these pre-Washingtonian years had limited powers would be accurate.  Some political historians state that their position today would be akin to the Speaker of the House.  Nonetheless, these men presided over the earliest form of central government in the year preceding and just at the creation of our country.

There were six Congressional Presidents before the Articles of Confederation were formally agreed upon or ratified by all the states.  These men included notables such as John Jay, who would later serve as the first Supreme Court justice, and the great American patriot John Hancock, who served as President during the signing of the Declaration of Independence.  But it was Samuel Huntington who was President of the Congress at perhaps its most pivotal time – when our thirteen states became a recognized union and established the United States of America. 

The Articles of Confederation were sent out in full draft to all thirteen states on November 15, 1777 during the term of Congressional President Henry Laurens from South Carolina.  It would take until March 1, 1781 for all thirteen states to ratify the agreement, allowing for the ‘perpetual union’ of the United States of America to become officially created.  The Continental Congress then became known as the Congress of the Confederation. 

Years later, a fiery Abraham Lincoln was involved in what was described as a constitutional crisis when he gave his ‘special message to Congress’ on July 4, 1861.  Many of the southern states, including several of the original colonies, were wishing to secede from the United States or ‘Union’.  

The problem was that there was nothing in the U.S. Constitution that prohibited any state from seceding without consent. Lincoln realized that the strength and beauty of the United States lay in the fact that they were, in fact, ‘United’.  Even a single state’s secession would not only affect America’s stability internally, but also tarnish its dealings with the rest of the world. 

In the speech, Lincoln set the basis for the Civil War by relating the case for continued unity of the states through the Articles of Confederation by stating:

“The express plighting of faith by each and all of the original thirteen in the Articles of Confederation, two years later, that the Union shall be perpetual is most conclusive.”

In other words, the creation of the United States was meant to perpetually bind all current and future states.  If any state choosing to secede, even if it felt it was in the state’s best interest, it was technically choosing to take on act of rebellion and treason against the United States and its government.

Samuel Huntington was President of the Continental Congress during the time when the Articles of Confederation, or America’s first Constitution, was ratified and the collective thirteen states became a country.  In my mind, this makes him the first President of the United States.

The Articles of Confederation failed within the first eight years.  The Articles allowed each of the thirteen states to be quite independent, with the central government only responsible for the common defense, security of liberties, and the general welfare.  These limited powers and provisions kept the national government purposely weak and kept strong, individualized state controls.

The states did not fully support the national government financially.  Without such funds, the national government could not enforce its laws properly or fund a nationalized army.  There was also no stable economy, as most states made their own money and the national government’s paper money went insolvent.  There was also no true judicial system or ability to tax citizens.  As America weakened, the Continental Congress went back to work and created the U.S. Constitution, setting the standard for the type of government we have today.

The U.S. Constitution or second Constitution of the United States provided for three branches of government (Executive, Judicial and Legislative), taxing powers, far stronger powers of the President, due process, the right to bear arms, protection against illegal search and seizure, and other Amendments in its Bill of Rights.

Those who argue that Washington was the first U.S. President point to the fact that the President of Congress was more of a presiding position, a position which held only limited executive and administrative functions. However, all Presidents under the U.S. Constitution did in fact have greater executive power and far greater significance in creating and deciding upon laws.  

I would not deny that comparison.  But it’s important to know that President Huntington presided over the Confederation Congress during a critical period in our country’s War for Independence.  Even when the states took on heavy war losses from the British army, even when soldiers in the Continental Army regularly deserted to the British lines in each month of war – he was steadfastly committed to independence.

This was a bleak period for the United States, when past Continental Congress President Henry Middleton publicly proclaimed his allegiance back to the crown of England.  Moreover, this was a time in which General Benedict Arnold’s plan for ceding West Point and the Hudson River to the British was discovered.  Even George Washington wrote that during these times that “he had almost ceased to hope”.

Let’s also not forget that there were nine other Presidents of the Congress, other than Huntington, who preceded Washington as President.  This makes ‘Dear Old George’ number eleven since the start of our country, not number one.  But that could never sit well with historians who love to honor a popular hero.

Another point to make is one of power and legacy.  There could be no denying that George Washington was not only a war hero and father of our country, but also had far more respect and reverence as President than Samuel Huntington did.  After all, he was a President who was afforded far more power from the U.S. Constitution.

But why would a U.S. President need to have immense power or preside over the same form of government as we have today, in order to be deemed a President?  Samuel Huntington was President of the governing body when the United States first became a country.  Washington was President of that same country – just under a different Constitution. 

Why is this any different from two kings of the same country having different types of government after a regime change?  I’m not saying Washington wasn’t stronger, better and more well-liked than Huntington – I’m simply saying they were BOTH Presidents!  

George Washington’s death in December of 1799 was a tremendous shock to the nation.  They had lost their father and leader.  Many people wore mourning clothes for several months straight. 

Congressman Henry “Light-Horse Harry” Lee, a Revolutionary War comrade, famously eulogized Washington:

“First in war—first in peace—and first in the hearts of his countrymen, he was second to none in the humble and enduring scenes of private life; pious, just, humane, temperate, and sincere; uniform, dignified, and commanding, his example was as edifying to all around him as were the effects of that example lasting. 

To his equals he was condescending, to his inferiors kind, and to the dear object of his affections exemplary tender; correct throughout, vice shuddered in his presence, and virtue always felt his fostering hand; the purity of his private character gave effulgence to his public virtues.

His last scene comported with the whole tenor of his life—although in extreme pain, not a sigh, not a groan escaped him; and with undisturbed serenity he closed his well-spent life. Such was the man America has lost—such was the man for whom our nation mourns.”

To put it bluntly, the country loved Washington.  He appeared on the first paper money notes by as early as 1800, and by 1860 his face was permanently on the dollar bill.  Our nation’s capital and the State of Washington are named for him.  Even as late as 1976, President Gerald Ford issued an Executive Order promoting General Washington, who was a three-star General, to the rank of General of the Armies.  This is the equivalent of a six-star General.  Ford also stated that no officer would ever be able to outrank Washington.

Samuel Huntington left his Presidency in 1781 and went on to serve as the Governor of his home state of Connecticut for ten years, until his death in 1796.  The town of Huntington, Connecticut is named for him.  There are still those in Norwich, who like Stanley believe Huntington got the short end of the stick in historical appreciation.

However, Huntington did manage to get his face on printed money. He is one of forty-seven individuals located on the back of the $2 bill (see below).  Tucked in pretty neatly and circled in red.  Well, at least he got a seat at the table.  

Perhaps this is the true difference between being President under different constitutions.  Out with the old and in with the new!




The ‘Effect’ Effect

 Uncategorized  Comments Off on The ‘Effect’ Effect
Jun 272015


“Peace comes from within.  Do not seek it without.”

                                                                             – Buddha


The last time I stumbled upon something I thought would change the world, I looked to patent it.  This however is something altogether different – and worth sharing. Its use keeps sanity, helps relationships and promotes peace and harmony.

It’s a universal truth that I am calling the ‘Effect’ effect.

For me, I found it during my recent vacation.  I took it for a test spin over the last week, put it in action and can confirm the difference.  Simply put, I believe this to be a way to empower our lives, so that we can gradually push away from those things that make us unhappy.

The Effect effect plays off the very real human need to gain a sense of control.  Consider all the times that we worry, harbor fear and anxiety, go through depressingly down times, or lash out at someone in anger.  How often is it because we are not pulling the strings, on events, actions and reactions from friends, family and colleagues?

The simple formula for the Effect effect is below.



Universal truths are often simple to appreciate and understand.   The difficulty, especially in employing them, comes in their simplicity.  When something cuts through the excuses that we can make, it leaves us only with having to make a decision to use or not use it.  In this case, you are using this to train your mind to break away from needing to control outcomes.  As that dissipates, the negative effects gradually lessen, and your psyche and relationships improve.

The Effect Effect has three steps, in any stressful or unhappy situation you encounter:

1.  Ask yourself if you, or any action you take, can really have any effect on the outcome.  Be honest here, even if the answer causes feelings of frustration, anxiety, worry or anger.  This step may take time, even a long time to complete.  Remember, the hardest part of employing a universal truth in your life, is getting started.

2. Based on your prior answer, make a decision AND take the corresponding action.  Keep in mind that leaving something alone, or mentally checking out of a situation, is also a powerful action step.  Leaving the individual or situation alone, doesn’t mean that you stop caring or loving.  It is in your decisions and actions that your life and destiny is shaped.  Making poor decisions and taking improper actions, based on the previous question, will ultimately feed into more anxiety, frustration, anger, fear and depression.

3.  Push through the guilt.  If you have feelings of guilt from your decision and action, it is because you are attached to judgment, and that judgment is coming from outside of you. You are on a journey, just like everyone else on the planet.  You deserve happiness, healing and growth.  The stronger you are, the stronger you will be for others, and in your own future.

Auto Repairs – Don’t Be Scammed

 Uncategorized  Comments Off on Auto Repairs – Don’t Be Scammed
Jan 252015



“With great power there must also come great responsibility.”   A popular catchphrase popularized by Stan Lee in an August, 1962 edition of Spider Man. Sometimes we can learn life lessons, even from comic books.  Perhaps auto repair facilities can too.

When discussing vehicle repairs, the ‘power’ rests in the more than 165,000 establishments employing 720,000 automotive service technicians and mechanics.  These facilities take in an estimated $85 billion annually from the car and truck drivers of America.  But is all that money collect by honest means?

Not on your life.  And I’m not going to sugar coat it either by saying that most vehicle service shops are honest and wouldn’t pad the bill or make suggestions on repairs you wouldn’t need.  I simply believe that this is a regular occurrence at most repair facilities.  When repair shops have knowledge and power, they can easily and seamlessly leverage fear and manipulation upon the unsuspecting car and truck owners.  Small costs, big costs, little lies, big lies…it’s all dishonest.

It should come as no surprise that vehicle repair problems make up the largest group of consumer complaints. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration estimates that consumers lose tens of billions of dollars each year due to faulty or unnecessary vehicle repairs.  This is due to a number of reasons such as relatively low cost of damages, difficulty proving the necessity of repairs, and the intent of the perpetrator.

Vehicle repair fraud, inclusive of deceptive trade practices is a national epidemic that literally flies under the radar.  This is because most drivers don’t have the inclination, time, or persistence to hold unscrupulous mechanics and dealers’ feet to the fire.  Ignorance costs money and some people would prefer to stay ignorant rather than taking the time to properly prepare and gain power in the transaction.

Okay future customers…let’s get some knowledge and leverage.  First off, when you go into most medium to larger sized vehicle repair facilities, you are dealing with a service advisor rather than with a mechanic.  Most service advisors or service writers may be or may have been mechanics, but are now salesmen for the company.

And you guessed it – most of these individuals are paid on straight commission based on labor time and parts sold.  This means that their chief allegiance is geared more toward selling products and services rather than looking out for you as the customer. From this point forward, please assume that service advisors are not to be blindly trusted or that they are a caring friend looking out for you.  The worst that can happen is that you’re wrong and they’re honest.

Auto mechanics in these same facilities work a bit differently.  Sometimes they make straight commission that totals between 35-45% commissions on their labor.  This is where cases of ‘padding the time’ comes in.  How can a mechanic fit two 2-hour jobs in 3 hours?  You figure it out.  How would you know when you’re in the customer coffee break anyway?

In other cases, mechanics are paid on a flat fee per job type.   In other words, their inclination is to get through as many jobs as possible in a day.  Whether this means that the mechanic didn’t spend enough time on all their repairs is a suspicion that is certainly up for debate.

Key Sights and Strategies:

1.  Make sure the facility displays both an up-to-date state license AND certification, from either ASE9 or AAA.

2.  If it’s engine problems, the facility must have a good engine analyzer/scan tool, instead of relying on “their experience”

3.  If you are going to a shop for a second opinion, DON’T tell them it’s a second opinion visit and DON’T tell them what the other facility said.  Let them figure out and price it themselves – the compare notes.

4.  If you are getting new tires ask to be shown the BUILD DATE.  Some tire companies offer great deals because you are buying tires that are actually several years old.

5.  If you purchased the car from a dealer, even some time ago, call and consult them.  Often times, an item may still be under warranty and the dealership will be paid by the manufacturer for the repair.

Attention!  The most common scams, according to many vehicle repair whistle-blowers and vehicle trade organizations:

  • Changing the transmission fluid too early and frequently
  • Premature replacement of spark plugs
  • Finding “new problems” during a simple oil change
  • Misreporting wear and condition on brake pads toward selling replacements
  • Commencing repair work on your vehicle without first getting your authorization to perform the repair work
  • Representing that work and services had been done or parts had been replaced in your vehicle, when, in actuality, the work and services were not done and the parts were not replaced
  • Charging customers for parts that weren’t used, as well as charging for the labor required to install the non-existent replacement. It’s a double rip-off!
  • Adding labor time
  • Cutting the rubber boots that cover your axle and charging you an expensive repair.
  • Alignments done every 5,000 or 10,000 miles
  • Fuel injection cleaning service
  • Adding on shop supplies and disposal fees

Now that I’ve done my best to drag down the vehicle repair industry, let me give my politically correct statement by saying that there are many reputable auto repair facilities, service advisors, and auto mechanics.  There – done.  Now for my suggestions to combat situations which will most likely happen so long as you drive a car or truck.

Preventative Homework

First, as I wrote earlier, the very best thing you can do is find an auto repair center that is an AAA Approved Auto Repair facility, or is a part of the ASE “Blue Seal of Excellence Recognition Program”.  Among other things, these companies need to go through a background check, have a strong community rating with the BBB, and employ ASE (Automotive Service Excellence) technicians.  For mechanics, ASE certification is achieved only after rigorous training and testing.

Second, get several recommendations from your friends, family, and co-workers; then match up the recommend facilities with the AAA list. When there is a match, do a Google, BBB, and/or Yelp search to make sure there are no consistent complaints out there.  There are always a finite amount of complaints when dealing with large numbers of customers, but in this way, the general checkout and feeling will be positive.

Finally, open up your vehicle manual to get an idea of when scheduled maintenance products need to be addressed.  Oil changes are typically done at 5,000 miles, not the 3,000 that is pushed by your local oil change franchise.  Changing a timing belt is usually done with 100,000 miles and not the 60,000 that is suggested by the service manager during your oil change.  Get the picture?

Arriving at the Repair Shop

Now you’re at the vehicle repair shop.  Something has happened to your car or truck that needs fixing, or perhaps you’re simply maintaining it.  My final important points for you:

1.  BE AWARE.  Remember when I first spoke of knowledge and responsibility?   It is true that that an educated consumer is the deceitful repair shops’ worst nightmare.  Unsavory repair shops strive to give off a façade of intimidation and fear, which works extremely well when most of their customers have no real knowledge or want of knowledge regarding their vehicle.

They use all types of tactics involving manipulation, deception, and intimidation because they know that for perhaps every twenty or thirty targets, they will find difficulty with one.  The odds are stacked in their favor, considering most disgruntled customers will simply leave or pay the bill with a threat of following up, are typically followed by little or no real action.

Remember, not all auto repair fraud is obvious or high in price.  Perhaps during your tire replacement, there’s an extra $110 for an alignment not needed.  What about a $50 shop supplies bill for a half of can of lubricant and two rags, or $80 for two brake pads not needed for another 10,000 miles?  Why scare someone away with a surprise $1000 charge when something lesser noticeable can be repeated with ease so many times?


Any reputable repair facility should not become irritated at questions.  If they do – leave.  If they don’t give you clear answers – leave.  If what they are recommending doesn’t sound kosher – leave.  If they seem perturbed – leave.  You’re not an easy mark – get the hint?


You need to get a written estimate that includes prices for parts, labor, and miscellaneous charges such as shop supplies and disposal.  On the estimate should be the warranty length and if it includes parts and labor.  Finally, the estimate should include whether the parts are OEM, aftermarket, new, or used.  Make sure the shop understands that if charges are going to exceed the estimate, they need to contact you first to receive approval.


This is imperative as there are typically two forms you have to sign.  First is the authorization for inspecting the car and determining the problem.  Second is the authorization to perform repairs.  These should not be on the same page.  Make sure you always date everything you sign.


Repairs should be guaranteed, including parts and labor.


Tell them that you want to keep the boxes of the new parts, as a standard practice.  Ask if they can put the old part(s) in the new boxes as well.  You don’t need to explain to them because it is your right in all fifty states.  However, just between you and me, it’s because you want to make sure that when they say they are replacing a part, they are doing it.


This is a great resource.  The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) has a free tool, which allows you to check make, year and model for any recalls, investigations or complaints.  Here is the link.   You can also determine if your call needs a repair for any recalls over the last 15 years, by clicking this link.  Having all parts and labor covered, is always better than spending your weekend getaway or summer vacation money.


At the very least, it shows that you want them to prove the problem to you.  If they say they don’t let customers in the shop for insurance reasons, have them explain why you need the repair and how dangerous it would be to not repair the item.


Before authorizing any work, the web offers tremendous resources to help determine if the quote you are getting is reasonable or not.  There are a number of online resources, though I like, where you type in your vehicle’s year, make, model, and proposed auto repair.   Napa also carries a good site at

Dec 212014


The World Health Organization (WHO) reports that more than one human organ is illegally purchased every hour worldwide.  During that same year, more than 11,000 black market operations are performed, some in respected and well-known hospital settings.  Of all organs transplanted both legally and illegally, approximately 75% are for kidneys.

Black market traders and illegal organ traffickers prey upon poverty-stricken people in numerous countries throughout Africa, Asia, Eastern Europe, and South America.  In many prosperous countries such a us America, desperate patients with financial means make contact with human organ brokers.  Many of these traders of ‘bodily goods’, located in India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, China, Brazil, Israel, and Eastern Europe, find willing donors who are typically impoverished, unemployed, and looking to pay off debt.

Organ brokers promise these donors payment, iPads, and expense-free vacations to the United States.  In many cases, donors typically don’t get the money they were promised. Instead, they are plagued with serious health problems that will prevent them from working.  They also face much shame and depression from their communities.  According to watch-groups Organ failure solutions, Organs watch, and ESOT; the typical organ donor is a male of about 28.9 years old with an annual income of $480, while the typical recipient is a male of about 48.1 years old with an annual income of $53,000.

Prices paid to organ donors vary widely on type and location.  Kidneys range from $1,000 in India and $2,700 in Turkey to upwards of $150,000 in certain parts of Europe.  Livers range from $4,000 to $157,000, corneas average $24,000, unfertilized eggs $12,500, skin averages $10 per square inch, and bones/ligaments go as high as $5,500.

surgeonmoneyIn many cases, brokers are nationals from other countries that live in Europe or the United States.  To get around the illegality of organ-selling, they forge documents indicating that the recipient and seller are related, claiming the act is a family donation.  Most of these surgeries take place in foreign hospitals that turn a blind eye to organ trafficking.

An estimated 10,000 organ transplants are believed to take place in China alone every year.  Up to a reported 7,000 of these organs are harvested from either unwilling or executed Chinese prisoners.  Their country alone has 1,500,000 million citizens waiting for an organ donation.

As of this year, there are nearly 118,000 people waiting for life-saving organ transplants in the U.S., 85,000 of which are potential kidney recipients.  The wait for a healthy and legitimate donor can be up to three years, with 6,000 of these people dying each year.  This is why many diseased patients end up going to the black market.

Even with donors who freely elect to contribute their organs upon death, the World Health Organization estimates that only ten percent of the world’s needs for organ transplantation are being met.  According to U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, the process of organ donation and transplantation can save as many as eight lives.  But there simply aren’t enough healthy donors and organs in supply to meet the growing demand of those in need.

For this reason, I subscribe to the notion that, starting with the United States, there should be a legalized system allowing for-profit organ donation.  This way, the families of those who died and donated, or selected charities, at least have the opportunity to receive compensation for these life-giving gifts. 

There are two human drives at play here, both very strong and symbiotic with one another.  The first is the desire to survive and the second is the strong incentive of money.  Death and money are great motivators, especially if they can be tied together with a supply-and-demand system in a capitalistic society.

Is it any different than an auto parts store expecting payment from a garage before it provides the radiator?  Would we expect Pep Boys to give it away for free? If such laws were instituted today, wouldn’t we expect that customers with inoperable cars, or garage owners to directly or indirectly, start stealing parts from existing cars?

And before people get sanctimonious on me, let’s not forget the people who receive these organs get the gift of life – so they win.  Plus, BMW-driving surgeons, well-paid anesthesiologists, and corporate/church-based hospitals are all paid too.  The only one who isn’t paid here is the auto parts store, errr…the provider of the organ, without which this system isn’t ‘operable’.

If donating organs is such a humanitarian act, then why don’t the doctors and hospitals regularly donate the surgeries and the facilities needed to make transplantation possible?  Not just on rare occasions, when they can get good publicity from it.  The simple fact is that motives are rarely unselfish – and we need to see a for-profit organ donation system as good for all parties involved.

Every day, 150,000 die in the world.  What if they now chose to donate, strictly from financial motivation?  Even if half of these people were not suitable donors, that still leaves up to 600,000 people waiting for all types of transplants that could be helped or saved.  THIS IS ONLY JUST WITH A SINGLE DAY OF DONATION!

So what’s holding us back?  Bioethics?  Cut the bullshit already.

Sure, it would raise the amount health insurers and Medicare/Medicaid would have to pay out.  So our health insurance and taxes would rise…except if insurers and medical professionals were made to get a sizable haircut.  Not fair?  For saving human lives?  Where are your ethics now?  Hiding behind your million dollar retirement accounts, country clubs, fancy trips and children’s private schooling?

The fact is that when organ supply increases, private costs for these healthy organs go down.  A tremendous amount of lives are saved.  Organ brokers are called upon less and less.  And there are a lot of people that would have the money to pay.  And best of all, people could still choose to donate and NOT get paid.  They can choose to be ‘ethical’, but it’s their choice – rather than being foisted upon them.

With much of the world in poverty or lower-income status, why shouldn’t willing buyers have their money paired up with a dying individual who wishes to leave some financial benefits to their friends, family, or charity?  Plus, they’re dead – so what good are healthy organs that stay in a body that stays in the earth?

Why not create a well-run and regulated middle ground that establishes safe programs, protects donors wanting to receive compensation, protects organ recipients who are happy to make such payment, and provides safety in both the determination of usable organs and their surgical environments and outcomes?

How do the poor afford organs?

Well, how do they afford them now?  They don’t – because they are put on a list where how much money you have doesn’t make any difference.  None of that will change, except if there are more donated organs. Then there are less people on the waiting lists and less time to wait.

Let’s get past ourselves here…and start saving lives.

Dec 092014

ralph-baer-02_wide-5c1a8361ab88d5406b9b2e3fd3ea5b895240ff16-s800-c85Yesterday brought bad news as Ralph Baer, widely regarded as the ‘Father of Video Games’ passed away.  He was 92 years old, and unlike other inventors, was able to see the unfolding of what began as a simple experiment nearly 50 years ago.

Baer, who manage to escape Nazi Germany with his family in 1938, wound up in Brooklyn, New York.  At age 16, he took a correspondence course on how to fix televisions and radios, which would prove most helpful down the road.   Later in 1943, he helped write plans for the D-Day invasion, and served under General Dwight Eisenhower.

After the way, Baer went to college on the GI bill and wound up getting one of the first degrees in television engineering.  He started work in 1951 for Loral, building televisions.  It was at that time that he came up with the idea of putting games on television sets – an idea that met with little support.  It would be another 15 years when Baer again brought the idea up to his new employer, who game him $2,500 to try to make it work.

In 1969, Baer, who would go on to receive 150 patents, recalled that in an early meeting with a patent examiner and his attorney to patent his new video game console, “within 15 minutes,  every examiner on the floor of that building was in that office wanting to play the game.”  This brown box system would eventually be licensed by Magnavox in 1971, and in 1972 would become the Odyssey ITL 200, the first commercially available video game system.SONY DSC

I recalled my father bringing home this system when I was just five years old in 1973.  I think he paid under $100 for it, and it came with a number of available games on very thin printer board cards, which slid into the top.

Such games includes football, invasion, baseball and haunted house. The latter requiring a plastic sheet that was taped and hung on the television screen.  I played that haunted house game for hours on end.

Baer would go on to to invent the electronic memory game Simon through Milton Bradley.  As for the Odyssey, it sold nearly 350,000 units in 3 years, but made the bulk of its money in defending the related patents against the likes of Atari, Coleco, Mattel and Activision.  Magnavox won every single infringement case over a 20-year period, which leading to them collecting more than $100 million.

In time Baer would go onto to receive the National Medal of Technology from President George Bush in 2006, as well as an induction into the National Inventors Hall of Fame in 2010.  The man, quite simply, started an entire industry from an idea that he would not let go of.

Take a read on the internet, and you will find comments on popular tech and gaming websites carrying his story.  The great thing is that gamers from thirty years ago and today, all people have nothing but nice things to say about Ralph Baer.  In fact, one commenter noted, “Congratulations Ralph – you’ve made it to the next level.”

Did John Wilkes Booth Evade Capture

 Uncategorized  Comments Off on Did John Wilkes Booth Evade Capture
Nov 262014

PHOTO: U.S. Library of Congress. Digital ID 19233

John Wilkes Booth, a Maryland native, who though born of modest means and never finishing school, went on to become a very popular stage actor in the 1860’s.  Booth, who was never one to be quiet on his political views, publicly denounced President Lincoln, and sympathized strongly with the Confederacy.  Included with his attitudes was a staunch advocacy against the Abolitionists’ stance on ending slavery.

Booth and his conspirators hatched a plan in 1864 to kidnap President Lincoln in exchange for the Union releasing all Confederate prisoners taken in the war.  It never happened.  On April 12, 1965, an already disgruntled Booth learned that Confederate Army leader Robert E. Lee had surrendered to Ulysses Grant and the Union Army at Appomattox Court House.  The news sent Booth over the edge; his anger transformed into immediate thoughts of assassination.

On Good Friday two days later, Booth had his epiphany was picking up his mail at Ford’s Theater, when he learned that Lincoln and his wife would be attending the play Our American Cousin that same evening.

Quickly, Booth and several Confederate sympathizers hatched a plan to kill Lincoln, Vice President Andrew Johnson, Secretary of State William Seward, and Ulysses Grant, who was also to be at the theater that evening.  The prevailing thought by Booth centered on the notion that the coordinated deaths of the Union’s leadership would reignite the Confederacy to pull together and get back in the War.

Instead of attending, Mrs. Grant (who was not on good terms with Mary Lincoln) and her husband Ulysses, chose to take a train to Philadelphia to visit family.  Seward, who was in fact violently knifed in his home by co-conspirator Lewis Powell, lived on.  Another co-conspirator, George Atzerodt, had the job of killing Vice-President Johnson.  At the last moment, Atzerodt wound up losing his nerve and fled Washington D.C.

Booth, who as a celebrity actor, was given unquestioned access to all areas of the theater, held up his end of the deal.  At about 10:25 PM that night, he made his way through an entry door into an area just outside the door of the Presidential Box.  He barricaded the entry door from the inside.

Lincoln’s bodyguard, a policeman named John Frederick Parker, had in fact gone to a nearby tavern during the show’s intermission – never to return.  The President was completely unprotected – the conditions were ripe for Booth.

During perhaps the funniest moment of the play, Booth opened the unlocked door of the Presidential Box, walking behind Lincoln, and fired the fatal .44 caliber round into the back of the President’s head.  The President fell forward, being caught by Mary Lincoln.

While trying to make his initial escape from the box, Booth fought with, and stabbed Major Henry Rathbone, who with his wife had joined the President and Mary Lincoln that evening.  After the attack on Rathbone, Booth flung himself over the box at Ford’s Theater and, in mid-flight, caught the spur on his boot on the bunting decorating that hung over the front of the presidential box.  The 12-foot fall culminated with Booth crashing on the stage floor below, with a fresh fracture of his left Fibula.  With adrenaline flowing and mission accomplished, Booth delivered his most famous line, “Sic Semper Tyrannis” (meaning “Thus always with tyrants”.)

The audience, who up to this point believed that the commotion was part of the show, heard Mary Lincoln and Clara Rathbone scream and Major Rathbone yelling “stop that man”.  From that point pandemonium ensued within Fords’ Theater.

Booth ran off the stage and, in an alley behind the theater, got on a waiting, saddled horse.  He rode quickly, arriving at the bridge across the Anacostia River – the first of several points of escape to the south.  There he ran into a Union Army sentry.  After explaining that he was out late and was heading toward Beantown, Maryland, the soldier allowed Booth to pass.  Later, he and co-conspirator David Herold met up at Mary Surratt’s roadside inn.

After much drinking, both Booth and Herold left the inn.  However, the pain of the fractured leg became too much for Booth to ride on.  They stopped at the home of Dr. Samuel Mudd, who sets the broken leg at about 4 A.M., though Mudd has no idea what events had previously transpired.  When Mudd heard about Lincoln’s death and the widespread rumor of Booth’s involvement the next morning, he immediately ordered the two off his property.  Thereafter, Booth and Herold found their way to a Confederate agent named Thomas Jones. Over the next five days, Jones had them ‘wait it out’ in the swamps of southern Maryland, and eventually they crossed the Potomac River into Virginia.

With little aid from the South’s remaining soldiers, Booth and Herold made their way to Richard Garrett’s tobacco farm in Bowling Green, Virginia.  Unknown to Booth and Herold, the union troops were hot on their trail.

The men of the 16th New York Cavalry arrived at the Garrett farm at 2 o’clock on the morning of April 26, 1865.  After the soldiers interrogated Garrett and his son, they soon discovered that Herold and Booth were hiding in the barn on the property.

Fifty army soldiers got to the barn and unlocked the door, yelling for the men to come out.  Herold, who gave himself up that night, would later be tried, found guilty and hung, along with Mary Surratt and other co-conspirators.

But Booth was defiant and refused to give himself up.  A Calvary officer named Luther Baker tried to negotiate with him, but to no avail.  Just then, Everton Conger, a cavalry soldier at the back of the barn, lit some straw – the barn quickly caught fire.  With broken leg, Booth hobbled toward the barn door and, according to a soldier’s testimony, was trying to level his pistol in an attempt to shoot one of the soldiers.  At this time, Sargent Thomas “Boston” Corbett fired and struck Booth in the neck, piercing the spinal cord and rendering Booth immediately paralyzed.

Booth, age 26, died several hours later.  His repeated last words were, “Tell my mother that I died for my county.”

That is the story of Booth and his demise, as recalled in the history books and agreed upon by most historians.  However, Finis Bates, a promising Tennessee attorney told a strange offshoot to this popular account.

Bates, the grandfather of actress Kathy Bates (Misery, Fried Green Tomatoes), would eventually became the Attorney General for the State of Tennessee.  According to Bates, his life changing encounter would set him on a unique course in history.  This was set forth in a 1907 book written by Bates entitled The Escape and Suicide of John Wilkes Booth.

In 1873, Bates, then a recently-minted attorney, was living with his family in Glen Rose, Texas.  One day Bates met a man named John St. Helen.  St. Helen, who according to Bates, walking with a noticeable limp, was a liquor and tobacco merchant who lived in the nearby Granbury, Texas.  Bates recalled that in the early days of their ‘friendship’, the gregarious and well-known St. Helen had particular tendencies to recite Shakespeare from memory.

Five years passed and, in 1878, St. Helen became suddenly ill.  According to Bates, St. Helen, believing he would not continue living, summoned him to his bedside.  On his word, St. Helen proceeded to tell Bates a crazy story of how he was, in fact, John Wilkes Booth.  Bates recalls the conversation in his book:

 “I am dying. My name is John Wilkes Booth, and I am the assassin of President Lincoln. Get the picture of myself from under the pillow. I leave it with you for my future identification. Notify my brother Edwin Booth, of New York City.” 

St. Helen told Bates how Vice-President Andrew Johnson was the mastermind behind a quiet cabal designed to assassinate Lincoln.  Moreover, he proceeded to say that the man killed in the barn by Sergeant Corbett was a plantation hand named ‘Ruddy’, asked by Booth to go back and fetch items lost on the escape route.

St. Helen told Bates that he had clearly known about the pursuing army and how close he and Herold were to being caught that night.  Moreover, the man shot in the barn that night was not Booth, but the red-haired Ruddy.

According to a 2007 article, written by Michael Finger of the Memphis Flyer, historical accounts of Booth mention his curly black hair, even though two citizens who saw the dead body at Garrett’s farm described it as red-haired.  Finger writes:

“According to some reports, Herold [the co-conspirator, who gave himself up] surprised his captors by asking them, “Who was that man in the barn with me? He told me his name was Boyd.”

And even though hundreds of people in Washington knew Booth well, no close friends were called to identify the remains. Instead, the Army relied on a few military men who had seen Booth on stage, along with the proprietor of a Washington hotel where Booth had lodged.

As recounted in a 1944 issue of Harper’s, the strangest testimony came from Booth’s personal physician, who had once operated on Booth’s neck. When this man examined the body, he was stunned: “My surprise was so great that I at once said to [the surgeon general], ‘There is no resemblance in that corpse to Booth, nor can I believe it to be that of him.'”

St. Helen would live on, far past his infamous confession to Bates.  The attorney, who initially disregarded the story as bunk, never forgot St. Helen’s confession.  Many years later, Bates contacted Washington D.C., trying unsuccessfully to collect on the original $100,000 bounty laid out by the U.S. Government for Booth.

In 1878, Bates, calling himself William J. Ryan, arrived in the South Texas town of Bandera.  According to journalist Logan Hawkes, after teaching public school for some time, Ryan opens a private school where he teaches students not only reading, writing and arithmetic, but also classic literature and acting.

According to the legend, Ryan fell in love with a local lady with whom he will marry — until she mentions that, among the guests she had invited to the wedding, was a relative who was a U.S. Marshal.  Booth (now Ryan) made a familiar choice, fleeing town in the dead of night.

Some accounts state that Ryan, who once again took on the name of St. John, moved to Leadville, Colorado to pursue mining.  Thereafter, in 1883, he changed his name to David E. George, and found his new home in the town of Enid, Oklahoma.

We fast forward to January 13, 1903, at the Grand Hotel in Enid, Oklahoma.  There, in room number four, a sixtyish year old man named David E. George lets out a scream.  As the proprietor and his wife unlocked the door, they found the man gurgling and writhing in pain.  He had taken red wine with strychnine, a common poison.

George had related to a hardware store salesman, just a day before that he was purchasing the poison to kill a loud, disturbing dog.


David E. George Image Source: C. Wyatt Evans.  The Legend of John

The next day, the Enid town newspaper wrote about the deceased Mr. George, an alcoholic painter who had a habit of frequently blurting out quotes from popular Shakespearian plays.

George’s body was sent to the town’s undertaker, William Penniman.  As a matter of formality, Penniman would not have the body buried until it was claimed by someone.  As time went by, no one claimed the body.  In a peculiar decision, Penniman tied the body of David George to a chair in his funeral parlor, opened its eyes and placed a newspaper on its lap.Separately, while David George was being embalmed, the Reverend Enoch Covert Harper came to view the body.  Immediately he recognized the body as the same person who, three years earlier, had relayed a story of his being John Wilkes Booth to Harper’s wife-to-be, Mrs. Jessie May Kuhn.  At the time, both Reverent Harper and Mrs. Kuhn thought George’s story to be highly incredulous.

If this were the end of the story, it would be eye raising enough.  However, it gets, as one would say, more tarnished.

Papers found on the dead Mr. George requested that, upon his death, Mr. Bates would be summoned.  As asked for, Finis Bates received word of the death, came to Enid, and in looking at the body, confirmed that George was indeed the man he formerly knew as St. Helen years before.  With no one else to claim the body, Bates took possession of George’s body.

Bates looked to capitalize on what he deemed his good fortune.  He transformed the body of David George to that of the ’Mummy of John Wilkes Booth’.  The body was brought by Finis and those he employed, to World’s Fairs, Circuses, and even as a potentially purchasable item by Henry Ford.

Doctors were brought in to identify the corpse, and though it has a scarred eyebrow, broken leg, and crushed thumb (as Booth had), no confirmation could ever be made of its authenticity to Booth.  Thus, Bates never got his claim to fame.  The mummy changed hands many times over a period of more than fifty years.  Its whereabouts are now unknown.

All of these stories have been a consistent sore on the remaining Booth relatives.  For years, remaining Booth relatives have tried to have John Wilkes Booth’s body exhumed for DNA analysis.  Because the Smithsonian institute has kept three vertebrae of the burned body that was pulled out of the barn in April, 1865, a simple DNA test between the bones and the Booth body could prove once and for all that Booth was really killed that day.

The case for exhuming Booth was heard and the request was denied by Judge Joseph H.H. Kaplan.  The chief reason is because Green Mount Cemetery (in Baltimore) is not certain where John Wilkes Booth is buried, and there is evidence that three infant siblings are buried in a coffin on top of his remains. Exhumation would inappropriately disturb these individuals.  Moreover, the court felt that the evidence from Garrett’s farm was overwhelmingly convincing.

But the Booth family keeps on trying.  In 2010, Lois Trebisacci of Westerly, R.I. identified herself as the great-great-great granddaughter of legendary actor Edwin Booth, the trigger man’s brother. He died in 1893 and is buried at Mount Auburn Cemetery in Cambridge, Massachusetts.

She sought permission for experts to compare Edwin Booth’s DNA to spinal bone remains of the man believed to be John Wilkes Booth, located in the National Museum of Health and Medicine in Washington, D.C., and the Mutter Museum in Philadelphia.  Both museums have as of this writing, never granted permission for such a test.

Near the end of my studies on this topic, I ran across a letter that was written on October 24, 1907 by Reverend R.B. Garrett and notarized by Shelby County Tennessee resident A.R. Taylor in 1933.  In the letter, Garrett clearly recalls, as a young boy, the day Booth was killed.  R.B. was the young boy who told the Calvary men that Booth and Herold were in the barn on his father’s land.  Moreover, it came from a man (of God) who quite frankly had nothing to gain from writing the letter, except that it directly refutes Bates’ story.

Perhaps conspiracy theorists could say that the good Reverend wanted to ‘keep the story going’ so that his family would always be remembered in American history.  As for me, I’m waiting for the DNA test.  I always love a good conspiracy.

Nov 182014

socialmediaI’m all in for freedom of speech and a right to our personal privacy.  Back off government – we the people are YOUR employers.  I might even be so bold as to let you know that I am a fan of Edward Snowden, whom I consider an American patriot.

But my ideology to steadfastly fight for our freedoms and inalienable rights may have suffered some pause today.  Such was the case today when I received this text from my 17-year old daughter.

‘Dad, someone made a threat against our school.  We’ve been in lockdown for the last hour.  I’m OK.’

A lockdown?  Here in Manhattan Beach?  This is one of the safest school districts in all of California.  What’s going on?

Well it seems that someone got the idea to use the social media program Yik Yak to post a threat against Mira Costa High School.  The post read, ‘If you go to Costa [Mira Costa High School] you should watch out very closely at school today.’   The digital post was obviously perceived as a threat either against the school, its faculty, the kids or perhaps all of the above.

Police arrived quickly and thereafter secured the school.  The response from the school and law enforcement was both professional and appropriate.  Coming home for dinner, I chalked it up to some frustrated pimple-faced teenage boy, who might be taking out some of his adolescent frustrations.  But just after dinner, a smug second text was posted.

‘Nice try Costa, today was just a drill.’  Soon after, our High School principle, after consulting with the Manhattan Beach Police Department, decided to close school for tomorrow.  Yik Yak’s anonymity platform allowing for more fear, once again.

For the uninitiated, Yik Yak is a social media app that allows users to post comments anonymously.  Its similar to Twitter, but you don’t need to put in any information to register and use it.  The kicker is that only people within a 5-mile radius can see each others’ tweets.  Nice to know the creep or ‘creepette’ (to be fair) that wrote this is close to our kids and school.  Makes the threat all that more believable.

Yik Yak has been extremely popular on college campuses, both positively and negatively.  A number of schools from Vermont, New Mexico and Chicago have banned the app because of hateful racial and anti-gay statements.  In just the last month, there were three instances of schools being put on lockdown after mobile Yik Yak postings, threatening to bomb the properties.

Just yesterday, Southeast Polk High School in Des Moines, Iowa canceled its classes due to a shooting threat made through Yik Yak.  To be clear, I don’t blame the Yik Yak app directly – but the technology has opened up a new comfort zone to send threats, which in and of themselves are attacks against our psyche.

Freedom of speech is a very powerful right we have in this country.  However, it clearly doesn’t give people the right to threaten others.  In the case of such threat, I for one applaud law enforcement’s use of using digital tracking and forensics to find these vermin.  I truly hope that the person or persons who thought it necessary to post these comments, are made to answer for their actions.

In the meantime, my kids will get a day off of school tomorrow.  At first I felt that our school should stand firm and remain open, with the help of police.  Then I quickly came to the conclusion that erring on the side of safety for kids, is never too great of a sacrifice.  My introspection leads me to wonder if too much free and untraceable speech, especially in the hands of the socially irresponsible, is necessarily a good thing.

Illigitimi Non Carborundum.  Translated from Latin to mean ‘Don’t let the bastards grind you down’.

New Endings For Better Beginnings

 Uncategorized  Comments Off on New Endings For Better Beginnings
Oct 202014



Remember playing the board game Monopoly?  There was no worse feeling than landing on your fellow player’s Boardwalk property, with their two red houses.  One of the most unfortunate ways to end your game and fun.

Enter real life.

You have a company, a dream or personal desire to stake your claim on the internet.  In searching for the right matching or brandable domain names, all the ‘best’ .COMs are taken.  Finding a domain today has become…well, so limiting.  Like opening up a Christmas morning present to find you’ve received a set of ice cube trays.  Perhaps this is why out of every 1,600 domains searched for, less than 1/10th of 1% become registered.

So what you want is taken…now what?  A .COM domain made up of three or more words and perhaps a name including a hyphen?  How are people reading, watching or listening to ads supposed to remember that?  Actually, they don’t.

Enter ICANN – the organization that coordinates and governs the Domain Name System (DNS), or address system of the internet.  Generic top-level domains (gTLDs) such as .COM, .EDU, .MIL, .ORG began in 1984 and have been the mainstay ‘right of the dot’ endings for years.  However, many abbreviations, plus one and two-word domain names with these endings became taken by corporations, associations individuals and domain investors.  As a result, much of the premium and semi-premium digital real estate for the next generation of internet users and businesses was taken.

In 2011, ICANN voted to allow internet address system to grow substantially by allowing the registration of largely unrestricted new endings to the right of the dot.  Then Chairman of ICANN, Peter Thrush stated: “[This] decision will usher in a new internet age. We have provided a platform for the next generation of creativity and inspiration. Unless there is a good reason to restrain it, innovation should be allowed to run free.”  

Today, there are more than 417 new gTLDs in use.  Some of these include business terms like .beer and .plumbing, geographic names like .paris and .berlin, as well as foreign symbols such as .移动, which is Chinese for mobile.  Now ‘’ can simply become ‘’.  With more than 2.5 Million registered domains with new gTLDs, the space is growing and gaining traction.


By far, the most popular new gTLD is .xyz – an ending which is purposely positioned as highly generic.  The CEO of .xyz is Daniel Negari, an entrepreneur and visionary in this space.  His intent is to remove domain restrictions for the next generation of internet users, by creating a low-cost global alternative to .com.  In just over four months, .xyz has greatly outpaced all other gTLDs by selling more than 630,000 domain names – and is on pace for more than 1 million names in its first twelve months of operation.

Opposition to Negari’s vision  typically comes from domain investors, who all have a vested interest in seeing .com domains remain free from such competition.  However, as gTLD growth continues to increase, large companies are also getting on board.  Many such as Amazon and Google have invested in their own extensions.  Yahoo has gone on record as saying, “The .com suffix had special meaning for the first generation of Internet users.  For children born this century, it’ll be just one fish in the sea.”

Many of us rarely play Monopoly anymore.  When we do, it’s because nostalgia keeps this game alive.  For some reason, we remember having fun with this game as children.  But we’ve grown up and realize there are much better opportunities for us, and for the next generation for growth and learning.  The same is true with .com – it’s had a great run, but it’s time to move forward.

This isn’t your Daddy’s internet anymore.

Skip to toolbar